How to Prevent Wrinkles and Maintain Healthy-Looking Skin
Treating wrinkles is only half the battle.
Working to prevent them in the first place can help you retain youthful, beautiful skin with minimal effort.
As we age, some wrinkles are inevitable. That being said, there are plenty of things you can do to help reduce their appearance and frequency. From skin care to general well-being, stopping wrinkles starts with understanding how wrinkles come about.
While some wrinkles are inevitable, you can reduce their appearance and frequency with some easy-to-follow tips.
What Causes Wrinkles?
A combination of lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors play a role in causing wrinkles. Typically, our eyes are the first area of our face that show wrinkles.
As you get older, your skin loses elasticity and becomes fragile due to a decrease in collagen and elastin production. Your skin also produces less hyaluronic acid (HA) and natural oils with age, eventually causing more dryness and a more wrinkled appearance.
Skin also loses volume due to a reduction in fat and HA in the deeper layers of skin. This volume loss can result in loose, saggy skin, more pronounced lines, and deeper wrinkles.
But ageing isn’t the only culprit.
The repeated facial expressions you make throughout your life, such as smiling and squinting, will eventually lead to the development of wrinkles. Facial muscles tend to get used to the constant contraction and can cause grooves to form beneath the skin’s surface.
As your skin loses its elasticity with age, it won’t spring back into place like it once did. These grooves eventually become near-permanent wrinkles on the face.
The ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun exposure is the main cause of premature ageing of the skin. That’s why those parts of the body that are most exposed to the sun (our face, neck, hands, and forearms) often have more prominent wrinkles.
Prolonged exposure to UV light can damage your skin’s supportive connective tissues, the collagen and elastin fibres in the dermis (the deeper layer of skin). Without this connective tissue, your skin becomes weaker and less flexible (elastic), resulting in sagging skin and wrinkles.
And what’s more, exposure to toxins and free radicals from pollutants and cigarette smoke will weaken the skin structure, reduce elasticity, and result in wrinkles.
Smoking also contributes to premature ageing of the skin in other ways, such as reducing the blood and oxygen supply to the skin and depleting the skin’s nutrients and HA content.
How Proper Skin Care Can Help Maintain Smooth, Healthy, Beautiful Skin
A proper skin care routine will help protect your skin from damage that causes wrinkles and keep your skin healthy, smooth, and beautiful.
Protect Your Skin from the Sun
Since exposure to the sun’s UV rays is a major cause of prematurely aged skin, you should wear sunscreen daily to protect your skin. Even in winter and on cloudy days, UV light can still damage your skin.
For the best skin protection, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher. Reapply the sunscreen every two hours, or more frequently if you are swimming or sweating.
Limit the time you spend in the sun, and wear protective clothing, such as broad-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and long-sleeved shirts.
When choosing skin care products, look for those with built-in broad-spectrum sunscreen.
Dry skin leads to fine lines and wrinkles since it shrivels plump skin cells. To help prevent your skin from drying out, apply moisturizer after cleansing.
Consider medical-grade skin care products. These include preventative ingredients to improve the health and look of your skin.
Renew Your Skin
Skin care treatments are available to renew your skin, such as microdermabrasion and chemical peels. These treatments remove dead skin cells and encourage healthy, new skin cell growth.
Microdermabrasion can improve your skin’s tone and texture. And it can reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, acne, age spots, and scars.
Chemical peels remove the damaged outer layers of skin, creating a smooth, more even appearance. These may also reduce pore size and facial blemishes.
What Treatments Can Address Facial and Forehead Wrinkles?
Non-surgical skin care treatments to reduce the appearance of facial and forehead wrinkles include laser resurfacing, Botox, and dermal fillers.
Laser resurfacing targets damaged skin cells and encourages skin renewal by stimulating the skin’s healing process and collagen production. As a result, this treatment tightens and rejuvenates skin to reduce fine lines and wrinkles and smooth out skin.
Botox Cosmetic injections reduce fine lines and wrinkles by relaxing targeted facial muscles. The formula’s protein temporarily blocks the chemical responsible for making muscles contract. As a result, the wrinkles caused by facial movements will also relax and smooth out.
Dermal fillers that contain hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrate skin and boost its volume. HA retains moisture, volume, and elasticity. It also makes skin smoother and tighter, and less likely to wrinkle from facial expressions.
Other Tips for Preventing Wrinkles
The healthier you are, the healthier your skin will be. So to prevent wrinkles, take care of yourself with a healthy lifestyle.
Since smoking has such an adverse effect on your skin, let alone your overall health, it’s worth it to quit. If you quit smoking, you can start improving your skin’s health, tone, and texture, and prevent premature wrinkles. It’s never too late to quit smoking.
Eat a Healthy Diet
Eating a balanced, nutrient-rich diet can improve your skin’s health. Also, make sure to drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated and prevent wrinkles. Alcohol can dehydrate skin, so limit your alcohol consumption.
Stress can cause wrinkles, especially forehead wrinkles, from the facial expressions you make when you’re worried, upset, or angry. So to reduce stress, and the resulting possible wrinkles, find ways to relax throughout the day.
Common ways to reduce stress and anxiety include exercise, yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, journaling, and colouring.
Getting enough sleep is also important for your overall health. Try to follow a regular sleep schedule that allows you plenty of sleep so you are well rested every day. If you have trouble sleeping or managing stress, speak to your doctor to find a solution that works for you.
Keep these skin care tips in mind to prevent wrinkles from appearing in the first place. While you can treat wrinkles, you’re better off preventing them and taking care of your health.
Dr. Caroline Tosoni pursued her Medical Degree at McMaster University and completed her post-graduate medical residency in Family Medicine through the University of Ottawa in 1998. Fluently bilingual in French and English, she opened her medical practice in Ottawa in July of 1998. Since 2000, Dr. Tosoni has focused her medical practice on Cosmetic Dermatology and has received extensive training and obtained multiple certifications in various medical cosmetic enhancement procedures such as Phlebology, Botox® Cosmetic, Dermal Fillers, SoftLift,™ BeautiPhication,™ Belkyra injections, CoolSculpting,™ Cosmetic Dermatology and Aesthetic Laser Medicine. Dr. Caroline Tosoni is also proficient in the treatment of Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) and Migraine Headaches with Botox® Therapeutic. In 2015, Dr. Tosoni’s practice officially received a Focused Practice in Dermatology designation by the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care and the Ontario Medical Association.