Treat These Common
Issues with Sclerotherapy

Superficial venous disease, more commonly known as spider or varicose veins, is a very common health issue. It affects 30 to 40% of the population, with the vase majority of those affected being women.

Varicose and spider veins develop when the small valves within the vein walls break. Several risk factors contribute to the weakening of these valves in our leg veins, including:

  • Genetics and aging
  • Pressure from pregnancy
  • Excessive standing
  • Exercise with weights and squatting
  • Sports injuries
  • Crossing legs
  • Exposure to heat through long baths, saunas, or hot tubs
  • Hormonal changes.

In many cases, varicose veins and spider veins can become more than an aesthetic nuisance when left untreated. They often result in fatigue, burning, swelling, and/or throbbing in the legs.

Varicose veins also increase the risk of developing superficial phlebitis, or permanent discoloration of the skin from chronic poor circulation (venous stasis). In severe cases, ulceration of the skin is also observed.

How Sclerotherapy Treats Varicose Veins

The sclerosing solution used by Dr. Tosoni is called Sclerodex. Sclerodex is a combination of normal saline (salt-based solution) and dextrose (sugar-based solution). For bigger or morestubborn veins, iodine in very small concentration is added to Sclerodex to make it more potent.

Sclerotherapy injections are typically a very safe and comfortable procedure when performed. Patients should expect to feel some stinging with the injections and may experience temporary redness at the injection site.

The most common side effect of the injections is bruising. Arnica cream, which can be purchased at any pharmacy, speeds up the healing of bruising. Stopping all Aspirin, anti-inflammatory medication, Omega supplements, garlic pills, vitamin E, ginseng, and green tea one week prior to your treatment will greatly reduce the bruising.

Other less common side effects include inflammation of the veins (venitis or superficial phlebitis), and temporary fatigue in the legs. Both can be managed with anti-inflammatories and warm compresses following treatment. Infection of the skin around the site of the injection is extremely uncommon.

Sclerotherapy Treatment Options

Sclerotherapy is a very effective way to eliminate unsightly smaller spider veins and relieve the symptoms caused by larger veins. Sclerotherapy is the medical treatment of veins on legs by injecting a sclerosing solution directly into the affected veins. This causes the vein to swell, stick together and ultimately seal shut. This stops the blood flow into the treated vein and turns it into scar tissue which gets absorbed by the body’s own healing system and fades within a few weeks.

The injections are a safe and comfortable procedure. Expect to feel some stinging with the injections and you may experience temporary redness at the injection site. The most common side effect of the injections is bruising.

Sclerotherapy is a downtime-free procedure. You may be required to wear a compression bandage for 3 days after the procedure to help with the sclerosing process and blood flow, but you will not have to stop any of your ongoing activities. Flying and long car rides are not recommended in the days following a treatment.

*Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed. Experience may vary from one individual to the other. Please consult with your physician as these treatments may not be suitable for your specific condition.

If your legs feel heavy and tired or if you simply want to improve the appearance of your legs by removing unsightly veins, call 613.244.5151 to book a consultation with Dr. Caroline Tosoni.